Here is an overview of the active vitamin, minerals and trace elements that occur in sea buckthorn.
VITAMIN A AND CAROTENOIDS
Vitamin A is a group of antioxidant compounds that play an important role in vision, bone growth and a healthy immune system. Vitamin A also contributes to the general health of the eyes, mucous membranes and helps to effectively protect the skin against bacteria and viruses, while reducing the risk of inflammation, respiratory problems and other infectious diseases. Sea buckthorn contains a higher concentration of vitamin A than all other sources. It contains 3 times more vitamin A than roots. The sea buckthorn contains eight different types of carotenoids. The most active is ß (beta) carotene, from which retinol forms vitamin A. Recent studies have shown that carotenoids can combat the effects of carcinogenic substances responsible for the formation of malignant tumors.
Vitamin B is a collective term for eight vitamins that are important for body functions such as cell regeneration and the production of red blood cells. These water-soluble vitamins are easily broken down during the cooking or processing of food. They contribute to healthy hair, healthy skin and eyes, and play an important role in the health and development of a fetus. Because B vitamins are water-soluble, the body can use them, but can not store them. This means that you have to constantly supplement your body with food or supplements that are rich in B vitamins. A shortage of certain B vitamins can cause the following: anemia, fatigue, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, depression, stiffness and tingling in the arms and legs, muscle cramps, respiratory infections, hair loss, eczema, poor growth in children and congenital abnormalities. In case of a possible pregnancy, women should consider taking supplements containing folic acid or folate (B9) to reduce the risk of an open back, for example, in the baby.
Vitamin C is necessary for the growth and repair of tissues in all parts of the body. It is an important protein that is necessary for regenerating the skin, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels. It helps heal wounds and maintains the cartilage, the bones and the teeth. Vitamin C is one of many antioxidants that reduces the damage caused by free radicals. The build-up of free radicals over time is largely responsible for the aging process and could play a role in cancer, heart disease and disorders such as arthritis. Our body is unable to make vitamin C itself, it does not store vitamin C either. That is why it is important to eat food with a lot of vitamin C daily. The concentration of vitamin C in sea buckthorn is higher than in black currants, oranges, kiwis and other plants. Vitamin C in sea buckthorn is also well retained after processing because of the presence of organic acids in the berries that do not contain the spreading enzyme, ascorbate.
Vitamin D is responsible for the normal growth and development of the impact system and the teeth. It also promotes the absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract in the blood. It is especially important for children to get enough vitamin D during their childhood, and for mothers during lactation. Lack of vitamin D can lead to fragile bones in adults. Vitamin D is sometimes called ‘sun vitamin’ because it is produced in the skin when exposed to sunlight. Sea buckthorn oils contain a lot of vitamin D that helps to build up bones and in particular in the absorption of minerals by the bone, a process called bone mineralization.
Vitamin E is a powerful, cell-renewing and anti-inflammatory substance. It normalizes the functioning of the thyroid gland and prevents signs of reduced libido. It is integral for spermatogenesis and regulation of male and female reproductive organs. It is also a strict antioxidant that protects and restores your skin. Through synergistic interaction with vitamin A, vitamin E strengthens the human immune system. The most important advantage is the high content of the tocopherol compounds (vitamin E) in sea buckthorn oil. The vitamin E content in sea buckthorn is 2 times higher than in wheat oil, 9 times higher than in corn oil and 35 times higher than in soybean oil.